Unit Converter
State Animal:Red Panda
State Bird:Blood Pheasant
State Flower:Noble dendrobium
State Tree:Rhododendron

Sikkim at a Glance

S ikkim is a northeastern state of India. It borders China in its north and east, Bhutan in its east, Nepal in its west and the Indian state of West Bengal in its south. Sikkim is also located close to the Siliguri Corridor near Bangladesh. Sikkim is the least populous and second smallest among the Indian states. A part of the Eastern Himalaya, Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity, including alpine and subtropical climates, as well as being a host to Kanchenjunga, the highest peak in India and third highest on Earth. Sikkim's capital and largest city is Gangtok. Almost 35% of the state is covered by the Khangchendzonga National Park.
The Kingdom of Sikkim was founded on the Silk Road by the Namgyal dynasty in the 17th century. It was ruled by a Buddhist priest-king known as the Chogyal. It became a princely state of British India in 1890. After 1947, Sikkim continued its protectorate status with the republic of India. It enjoyed the highest literacy rate and per capita income among Himalayan states. In 1975, the Indian military deposed the Sikkimese monarchy. A referendum in 1975 led to Sikkim joining India as its 22nd state.
Modern Sikkim is a multiethnic and multilingual Indian state. Sikkim has 11 official languages: Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha, Tamang, Limbu, Newari, Rai, Gurung, Magar, Sunwar and English. English is taught in schools and used in government documents. The predominant religions are Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. Sikkim's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and tourism, and as of 2014 the state had the third-smallest GDP among Indian states, although it is also among the fastest-growing.
Sikkim accounts for the largest share of cardamom production in India, and is the world's second largest producer of the spice after Guatemala. Sikkim has the highest share of agricultural land dedicated to organic farming in India. It is also among India's most environmentally conscious states, having banned plastic water bottles and styrofoam products.
Coordinates (Gangtok): 27.33°N 88.62°ECoordinates: 27.33°N 88.62°E
Country: India
Admission to Union †: 16 May 1975
Capital: Gangtok
Largest city: Gangtok
Districts: 4
Government: • Governor Shriniwas Dadasaheb Patil
• Chief Minister Pawan Chamling (SDF)
• Legislature Unicameral (32 seats)
• Parliamentary constituency Rajya Sabha 1
Lok Sabha: 1
• High Court Sikkim High Court
• Total 7,096 km2 (2,740 sq mi)
Area rank: 28th
Population (2011)
• Total 610,577
• Rank 29th
• Density 86/km2 (220/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Sikkimese
• Official Nepali English
• Additional official
Bhutia Gurung Lepcha Limbu Manger Mukhia Newari Rai Sherpa Sikkimese Tamang
Time zone: IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code: IN-SK
HDI Increase: 0.684 (medium)
HDI rank: 7th (2005)
Literacy: 82.6% (13th)
State symbols of Sikkim
Animal: Red Panda
Bird: Blood Pheasant
Flower: Noble dendrobium (Dendrobium nobile)
Tree: Rhododendron


May 03/07/2018


Middle Block, SPWD, Nirman Bhavan,Zero Point
Gangtok,Sikkim 737101

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